ÐÏà¡±á>þÿ þÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿýÿÿÿþÿÿÿþÿÿÿ
þÿÿÿþÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿRoot Entryÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ²Z¤
žÑ¤ÀO¹2ºÂÔþÓÅÀCONTENTSÿÿÿÿ
,CompObjÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿVSPELLINGÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ(þÿÿÿþÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿs get revenue from a variety of sources -- grants, utility bills, franchise fees (such as cable TV), fines, user fees (parks), sales tax, bonds etc. But the primary source for most entities is from taxes levied on commercial and residential properties.
Texas law requires that the actual appraised value of the property, not some assessed value, be used in the property tax equation. County appraisal districts provide property values to all of the governmental bodies in that county. The government body -- a school board, city council, utility district, fire department district etc. -- sets a tax rate, which is then applied to every $100 of the property s appraised value. In your stories, the style for referring to tax rates is: The board approved a tax rate of $1.12 per $100 value.
When doing stories about budgets and tax rates, provide the reader with an example of how the tax rate will affect the average homeowner. Appraisal districts can tell what the average price is for a home in a particular community.
Let s say you have a $120,000 home in Katy:
Katy ISD tax rate is $1.10 per 100 value. 120,000 divided by 100 = 1,200 x 1.10 = $1,320 that you owe Katy ISD
City of Katy tax rate is 95 cents per $100 value. 120,000 divided by 100 = 1,200 x .95 = $1,140 that you owe the city of Katy
Note that commercial and residential tax rates may differ. Also note that a variety of tax exemptions could reduce the amount owed.
0 = a 50 percent increase
Note that the difference between 5 percent an*TV¦¨”–¸ºþpr¢¤¦hÆÈÊÞàúü.0þZ\FHNPRZ\`bdfhjüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüüÔÔ(2‚"'(Š Û)Û @·S ·CHNKWKS ,øÿÿÿÿTEXTTEXTjFDPPFDPPFDPCFDPCSTSHSTSH STSHSTSH 2SYIDSYIDP SGP SGP d INK INK h BTEPPLC l BTECPLC „ FONTFONTœ <STRSPLC Ø :PRNTWNPR!pFRAMFRAM‚)ˆTITLTITL
*DOP DOP *Some common types of math for journalists
Average -- add up the numbers in a series and divide by the sum of the numbers in the series. Example: 67 74 89 90 100 = 420. Divided by 5 gives an average of 84.
Median -- the middle number in a series that is arranged in ascending order. From the previous example, the median is 89. But in this series -- 67 74 83 89 90 10 -- the median is 86 (the midpoint between the middle two numbers, 83 and 89).
Mean -- the dividend between the highest and lowest numbers in a series or group. Using the first example: 67 + 100 = 167. Divided by 2 = 83.5.
Percentages -- The part divided by the whole x 100. Say you have a city with 200,000 residents and 10,000 are jobless. What is the percentage of jobless folks?
10,000 divided by 200,000 = .05 x 100 = 5 percent.
Percentage increase/decrease -- Take the NEW number and subtract the OLD number, divide that result by the OLD number and multiply by 100. Using the previous example, lets say the jobless figure grows to 15,000. The percentage of jobless becomes 7.5 percent. What is the percentage increase? 15,000 (new number) minus 10,000 (old) = 5,000. Divided by 10,000 (old) = .50 x 100 = a 50 percent increase
Note that the difference between 5 percent and 7.5 percent is 2.5 percentage points -- not 2.5 percent. That 50 percent increase translates to 5,000 human beings. This is where spin comes in: When talking about their record, which figure would a mayoral incumbent prefer to be used for the jobless numbers -- 50 percent, 5,000 or 2.5 percentage points?
Also, be aware that a 200 percent increase is not the same as double. It s a 100 percent increase that is actually the figure that is twice the size of the previous number.
Tax rates
Government bodie4TVdž¢¨´”˜–ž¬´¸ÒZlr¬^
t
zŽ*NÊÞBbª¾v€Àê*0ÖZfz„šdjêÚÈÚêÚÈÚêÚêÚÈÚêÚÈÚêÚÈÚêÚêÈÚÈÚêÚÈÚÈÚÈÚ¶ ¶ÚÈÚêÚÈÚÈÚÈÚ–
"
"PS"
"PS"
"PS" "PS"
"PS"
tç—ÿÿÿÿtç—
"ð”"
ttjj(tç—Times New Romanÿ³
"
"
"¤øÃìÈXXK*KGDHP Officejet 6200 series!@œhß€ê
odýÿBƒe‡RLdÿÿÿÿwkswp€dàààHBƒe‡ÌÚºÌÚº\\OFFICE\HP Officejet 6200 series,LocalOnly,DrvConvert,winspoolHP Officejet 6200 seriesUSB001Fÿÿÿ"\²"€‘"ÑV"$c"ð` "ð``""A."@ÿÿÿ"\²"ðù"ÑV"$c"ð` "ð``"."Untitled"Øp"Øpp
(" doing stories about budgets and tax rates, provide the reader with an example of how the tax rate will affect the average homeowner. Appraisal districts can tell what the average price is for a home in a particular community.
þÿ
ÿÿÿÿ²Z¤
žÑ¤ÀO¹2ºQuill96 Story Group Classÿÿÿÿô9²qy¹2ºy¹2ºy¹2º